Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a serious medical condition that affects a person when they sleep. As a person sleeps, his or her throat lips. The conditions make the neck relax during sleep to the point it blocks air from entering or leaving the sleeping person. This may happen several times a night. One of the hallmark symptoms of OSA, in addition to stopping breathing, is snoring.
There are several risks associated with apnea. Failure to get treatment for this condition can lead to complications that are life threatening. Looking for treatment greatly reduces these risks.
Hypertonia - When the person with sleep apnea does not breathe during the night, the body tries to correct the problem. A result of this is high blood pressure or high blood pressure. When the severity of apnea increases, the chance of developing high blood pressure increases.
Other cardiovascular problems - If the person with OSA also suffers from heart disease, the risk of sudden cardiac arrest increases. This is because each episode of respiratory arrest causes reduced oxygenation of the blood. The conditions have also been linked to many different heart diseases, including congestive heart failure and atrial fibrillation.
Stroke - Whether or not hypertension is present, the person with obstructive sleep apnea is more likely to suffer from stroke than a person without it.
Fatigue - Although the person with the condition can not physically feel that they wake up several times a night, their interruption in breathing prevents them from resting on a restful sleep. Each instance of respiratory arrest is accompanied by an increase in the severity of the affected person. This ultimately prevents the person from entering sleep mode during the sleep cycle during any time. The end result is extreme daytime fatigue.
Surgical Complications - The person suffering from sleep apnea is more likely to have complications related to the sedation from surgery than those who do not have this disease. The medications used to sedate a person in surgery, along with placing a person on the back for surgery leads to increased risk of respiratory arrest and sudden cardiac death.
Liver damage - There is a correlation with abnormal liver function tests and OSA. People who have sleep apnea tend to have increased liver enzyme. This may be because the body will never "rest and melt" or that people with sleep apnea always feel they need a "good night's sleep" so that they self-mediate with sleepers, alcoholic beverages or illegal drugs. In any case, these things will increase the liver enzymes.
The first treatment line for a person with the condition is often CPAP. Continuous positive airway pressure is administered by mask as a person is sleeping. This treatment is very effective in eradicating sleep apnea symptoms. But it does not come without their own problems.
Most often it is difficult for the person with sleep apnea to get used to wearing a worm attached to a machine while sleeping. However, those who end up are getting used to time. In addition, the mask may not fit properly, giving the person with sleep apnea another reason to stop wearing the mask. There are many different types of masks available for a suffering of OSA and again with perseverance the correct mask can be found. The machine has a certain background noise and may take some time to get used to it, but it has become much better in recent years. Failure to comply with or inconsistent with CPAP results in no improvement in the problems and risks associated with this disease.
People who suffer from obstructive sleep apnea are more likely to develop problems that can be fatal. Treatment of sleep apnea greatly reduces a person's chances of developing one or more of these problems. In addition, the partner of the affected person is likely to appreciate the reduced snoring and increased libido that their partner will have!